Water permeates the cultural, social, economic and political fabric of India

Water & Sanitation

Water is Life & Everyone's Right

Our goal is to ensure access to safe & clean drinking water to the needy and enable widespread use of sustainable sanitation services, leading to positive health, economic, and gender equality outcomes for the poorest.​

Water is a cross-cutting issue in India and is of critical importance to make progress on major development challenges, including food security, rapid urbanization, sustainable rural development, disaster risk management, adaptation to climate change, equitable allocation of natural resources, and economic cooperation with neighbors in the region. A massive concentration of people (1.25 billion) compounded with high poverty rates and a monsoonal climate (June-Sept, with 90% of river flow in 4 months, 50% of rain in 15 days) creates great susceptibility to hydrological shocks in the country, by any global standards.

Adding to this, unsafe sanitation is a massive problem that is becoming more urgent as India's population increases and trends like water scarcity and urbanization intensify. About 1 billion people in India either practice open defecation or use unsafe sanitation facilities and services, which leads to harmful human waste flows into surface waters and fields where children play and people of all ages live, eat, drink and bathe.

Poor sanitation, which is widely accepted as a chief contributor to waterborne diseases, is the cause of more than 1,200 deaths of children under five-years-old per day, more than AIDS, measles, and tuberculosis combined.

The Opportunity

Solving the water & sanitation challenge in India requires breakthrough innovations in technologies as well as systems that are practical, cost-effective, and replicable on a large scale. Building and proving these new models is difficult, but the potential benefits, in human health, economic growth, and dignity are enormous. These benefits include increased human productivity, improved infrastructure, new jobs, and expanded entrepreneurial opportunities.

Worldwide, it has been estimated that every dollar spent on sanitation on average provides at least five dollars in economic return.

Our Strategy

Access to Water and clean & safe sanitation is a significant challenge for most states in India, but many are now aggressively driving inclusive national sanitation strategies that prioritize safe sanitation. India provides a global model for sanitation reform through the government’s Swachh Bharat Mission and a growing network of sanitation operators and utilities practicing Fecal Sludge Management.

We collaborate with government leaders and the private sector, to provide access to clean drinking water in the driest regions of the country, and work under the Swachh Bharat Mission to implement and promote policies with the greatest potential to revolutionize sanitation standards and practices, at the local and national level.

India faces a unique situation of floods and droughts in the country at the same time

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